Criterio Libre, Seccional Bogota


The Free Criteria magazine is a biannual publication of the Research Center of the Economics, Administrative and Accounting Faculty or the Universidad Libre.

Its purpose is to spread the academic and research activity of the faculty’s professors, as well as of the members of the academic community.

Therefore, this magazine is positioned as a strong motivation to share knowledge in economic, social, administrative and accounting areas not only in Colombia but abroad. Another purpose is to show research results and creativity development of the intellectual production of professors.

The contents of this magazine is addressed to specialists, researchers and graduate students.

The published articles must comply with the following academic characteristics:

  • Research articles: articles that show in detail research projects and its structure should include: introduction, methodology, results and conclusions.
  • Reflection articles this type of article shows research results from an analytical perspective, interpretation or critics to the author about a specific topic from its original sources.
  • Review articles: these articles should be the result of an investigation where results are analyzed, systematized and should integrate other published or unpublished investigations about science and technology in order to show the progress and developing trends in different fields. It must include a bibliographic review of at least 50 referrals.

In order to unify the presentation of articles, the editorial committee suggests that it is important that the person or group of people that are interested in publishing an article to consider the following conditions:

1. Articles must be sent in both magnetic and hard copy to: Universidad Libre, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Carrera 70 Nº 53-40 Bloque C, Bogotá - Colombia. Or to the following e-mail address: Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo. .

2. The document must comply with the following characteristics:

  • Font: Arial. Font size: 12. 1.5 spaces between lines.
  • Numbering should be at the bottom right corner of each page.
  • It should not exceed 35 pages in any case.

3. All the articles must include the following information: Title of the article, name of the author or authors, Spanish and English abstract, up to 4 key terms, JEL classification and the complete content of the article.

4. The contents that is added after the JEL classification should not include subtitles. Only include the main titles, the introduction, conclusions and bibliographic support.

5. The article must include a foot note indicating or explaining the article’s origin, the reasons and type of article: defining if its purpose is a debate, a reflection, research or a bibliographic review.

6. There should be a foot note for each author with the following information:

  • Major, Name of Institution, city and country.
  • Graduate degree, name of institution, city and country.
  • Work position, name of company or institution, city and country.
  • Participation in research groups.
  • Address and phone number.
  • Work e-mail address.

7. The abstract should not have more than 500 words.

8. The chosen key terms should guarantee the visibility of the articles in the search engines and data bases.

These terms are used by libraries and magazine indexes to classify articles guaranteeing its easy access.

9. Key terms must be classified according to the codes found in the Journal of Economic Literature classification index, known as the “JEL codes”. In order to find this information please access the following e-mail address:

10. Foot notes must be written in Times New Roman font, Font size:10, single space between lines, justified and aligned with the right side of the page number, not below. When there are more than two foot notes, they must be written and separated with a single space between them.

11. Foot notes should be used to make definitions, clarify concepts or indicate other authors or articles that treat the same topics in depth, that are not included but that the author considers important or of interest for the reader. Foot notes should not be used to refer to the papers used as supporting material for the elaboration of the article.

12. The author is responsible for the statistical information contained in charts and graphs. These charts and graphs must be numbered and referenced totally in the text. Information sources must be shown at the bottom. In case the information belongs to the author it should say so. The titles of charts and graphs must not be centered or capitalized.

13. References can be direct or indirect. Direct references are those in which the author’s concepts and opinions are verbatim. Indirect references are those in which ideas from a different author are mentioned. All the references must paraphrase the author. i.e.: “Regarding this concept, Velez (2005, p. 18) arguments that…..”.

14. Any kind of reference or foot note must be included as follows: Author’s last name, year and page number. It is recommended to consider the following:

  • Only the author’s last name.
  • To indicate the page number, use the letter p.
  • If there are more than three authors please write: Velez and others (2002, p. 18).
  • The year and page number that are shown in brackets, must be separated by a colon. Velez (2001, p. 107).
  • The page number must be indicated when there are direct references. In the case of indirect references, it is not always necessary.

15. When direct references are shorter that five lines (short reference), please consider the following recommendations:

  • References are written in the same paragraph.
  • References must go in quotation marks and tilted.
  • Spaces between lines should be 1.5.
  • Font: Arial. Font size: 12.

16. When direct references are longer than five lines (long references), please follow these recommendations:

  • They must be written in a separate paragraph.
  • Paragraphs must be centered. A bigger margin must be used at both sides of the page.
  • Spaces between lines should be single.
  • Font size: 10.
  • Reference should not be written in quotation marks.

17. Bibliographic references at the end of the text should follow the next format:

  • Magazines: The author’s last name must be capitalized. It must include the author’s name, year, title of the article, name of the magazine, volume and number (abbreviated), period and total number of pages.
  • Books: The author’s last name must be capitalized. It must include the author’s name, year, book title, city of publication, publisher and total number of pages.
  • Internet: Last names must be capitalized. It must include the author’s name, year, title of the article or document, name of institution, place and date of publication, Publisher, e-mail address or access route, when necessary and date of last access.

18. The magazine’s board will certify receiving the articles no later than 10 working days.

19. The article selection process is the following:

  • The Publisher will check if the previously described requirements are fulfilled.
  • If the requirements are not fulfilled, the article will be returned to the author to be corrected.
  • Once the article complies with the requirements, it is sent to the publishing committee and it will be assessed by an academic specialist pair which will remain anonymous, and in the form of double blind.
  • The evaluating pair will guarantee the theme quality and will issue an anonymous concept and the possibility of publication.
  • Simultaneously, the Publisher will assess the editorial quality of the article.
  • The Publisher will present his concept as well as the evaluating pair’s concept to the Publishing Committee, to be considered for publication.
  • The article will be returned to the author for suggested modifications or adjustments made by the Publisher and evaluating pair, or if the article is definitely rejected.

20. All the articles sent to the magazine will be assessed by academic juries, specialists, referees and anonymous experts in each topic. The decision to publish the articles will depend on the results of the anonymous assessments. The committee will timely notify the author about the results of the assessment.

21. Those who publish articles in the Free Criteria Magazine yield their rights to the Institution and consequently authorize Universidad Libre to disclose his or her articles in any media considered by the publisher.

22. Free Criteria Magazine follows the style and reference norms of the American Psychological Association (APA) for the presentation of the published articles.

Additionally, the article must include a written statement, signed by the authors certifying that the article is own, unpublished and that it hasn’t been presented for publication to any other part.