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About the journal

VISION STATEMENT OF THE JOURNAL ”DIÁLOGO DE SABERES”

The Journal DIÁLOGO DE SABERES (DIALOGUE OF KNOWLEDGES) pretends to be a dissemination organ to the Social Legal Research Centre of the faculty of Law from Universidad Libre de Bogotá. It will be published in print and digital format. It is recognized as a Scientific Specialized National Journal by Colciencias and included and indexed in the National Bibliographical Index (Publindex).

It is published twice a year, including articles in Spanish, Italian, English, French and Portuguese that are normally the result of completed investigations of national and foreign authors, in the areas of Law and Social Sciences knowledge.

Articles for publication should be result of completed and unpublished research, and not being sent simultaneously to other journals. The publishable works must correspond to the classification of: (i) articles of scientific and technological research (ii) articles of reflection or (iii) articles of review, according to the definition of each of these typologies made by Publindex:

1) Scientific and technological research Article. A document that presents, in detail, the original results of completed research projects. The structure generally used contains four important elements: introduction, methodology, results and conclusions.

2) Reflection Article. A document that presents the results of completed research from an analytical, interpretative or critical perspective of the author, using primary sources.

3) Review Article. A document that is a result of a completed research where published or unpublished investigations are analyzed, systematized and integrated, in a field of science or technology, in order to give an account of the advances and development trends. It is characterized by presenting a careful bibliographical review of at least 50 references. (Publindex, 2010)

Each Article will be sent to one (1) referees for evaluation outside the Universidad Libre, using the double blind system (omitting the name of the author or authors).

Its target recipients are students, teachers, researchers and academic communities interested in central thematic problematic shafts of its specialty. Its purpose is contributing not only to the scientific diagnosis of legal and social problems, but as well to the search of fair and democratic solutions.

DIALOGOS SABERES (Dialogues of knowledge) is directed under philosophies according to which investigations that are going to have social impact, should be reported and appropriated by its recipients. This means that it adheres to the postulates and axioms of Budapest, Berlin, and Bethesda statements, being considered in consequence an open access Journal.

Thus the disclosure organ is recognized and included in Indexing and Overview services (SIRES) with selection committees of Latindex, Ebsco Academic Search Complete, The Left Index and located in the databases of Dialnet of the Universidad de la Rioja (Spain) and is available online: www.unilibre.edu.co/bogota/investigacion/revistadialogos-de-saberes

ETHICAL REGULATION TO THE AUTHORS

In accordance with Colombian constitutional jurisprudence, and in accordance with provisions of the ruling C-1118, 2005, the creations of the intellect and those related with its disclosure and its broadcasting, as intangible goods, have been grouped, for legal effects, in the so called intellectual property rights, which include not only the rights of author, the rights of industrial property and the rights on scientific discoveries, but other forms and manifestations of individual creation capacity as well.

In concordance with the provisions previously established and attending the sentence T-941 A/ 11, the Constitutional Court of Colombia, with the purpose of guaranteeing the due process, establishes that it is duty of the universities to establish clear and effective regulation measures, aimed to detect, investigate and punish drastically those who incur in violation behaviors of author rights (plagiarism).

To the Universidad Libre, In the process of knowledge implementation, promotion and production, science, technology and innovation forwarded in its substantive functions of teaching, researching and social development, the intellectual property acquires transcendental importance due to the given role paper that corresponds in determining, recognizing and guaranteeing the rights on the intellectual creation of those involved in them.

The Journal, Diálogos de Saberes, holds a specific policy for its operation in the public sphere. In addition, it holds a guide document for authors, which contain the minimum guidelines for rendering and submitting articles

Intellectual property constitutes, for la Universidad Libre, the fundamental good of information and knowledge based societies; that’s why there a need to present this regulation and code of ethics for the potential authors of the Journal Diálogos de Saberes, which it will be next developed:

Article 1: The authors are fully responsible for the ideas expressed in their articles, as well as the ethical appropriateness of them. The Journal seeks to ensure the suitability of academic and investigative research, respecting the creation and work performed by the authors, through their evaluation processes, seeking to protect diversity and relativity of thought.

Article 2: Responsibility of the authors: responsibilities of the authors of the articles published in the Journal, are the following:

  • The Journal will only consider unpublished articles that correspond in its content and structure to its editorial policies. If the author or authors postulate to the Journal a work already published, totally or partially, his/her conduct would be considered unethical.
  • It is responsibility of the author avoiding any conflict of interest in the publication of data and results (not only financial, institutional relations, but as well relations of collaboration or of another type between evaluators and authors).
  • It is considered a good practice that the author carries out thoroughly the credits corresponding to all the people or institutions involved and that have collaborated in the research projects in which the work is sustained.
  • It is responsibility of the author or the authors to fully respect the intellectual property terms, pointing and referencing clearly any fragment that is taken of another author or authors work. If not done so, it shall be regarded as plagiarism and work will be removed from publication.
  • The article selection and final approval depends in each case not only of the academic concept of peers, but also of readiness of the authors to make the suggested and necessary modifications, within an appropriate period, prior consultation with the Journal Editor about the time required to make the adjustments.
  • The process of arbitration of the Journal is "double blind", what implies that both authors and peers will not know their respective identities. In this sense, it is responsibility of the author to avoid any direct allusion or hint, within the body of the text, about his or her identity.
  • The evaluation process requires a policy of exclusivity. This means that the author or the authors cannot send simultaneously the work to another publication while the manuscript is still in process of arbitration in the Journal Diálogos de Saberes. If perpetrators incur in a double nomination, his/her conduct will be considered unethical.
  • The publishing Committee reserves the right to disregard the publication of any postulated work, if it considers that it does not correspond to the academic nature of the Journal or if perpetrators incur in any improper behavior, as above described.
  • The author accepts, in its entirety, the rules, the criteria of Journal publishing procedures.
  • The authors must sign a document of "assignment of rights transfer”, where are authorized the use, reproduction, transformation, publication of the text and distribution by the University Editor. That document is essential in order to include the text in the Journal.
  • The shipping of the text to the Journal does actually imply that the authors accept submitting their texts to the established processes, and as result their greater collaboration to achieve successfully its culmination. Anyway, the Journal reserves the right to proceed and to make, without previous consultation to the authors, little style corrections.

Article 3: Ethical duties of the authors: the authors of the postulated, evaluated and published articles in the Journal are committed to respect the ethical and legal guidelines to which they must be submitted, attending to the nature of their research, as well as the universal recognized principles in each one of the areas of the knowledge to which their works correspond.

  • According to the above mentioned, the authors have the duty to ensure that the conclusions and findings presented in their works correspond to accurate data and information and that they have been analyzed and collected according to methods and techniques of scientific character.
  • Moreover, the authors are committed, by the time of applying their articles for publication, that their works respect the principles and postulates recognized in the Declaration of Helsinki of the AMM and especially the mandates recognized by the Belmont report. Therefore, their research must recognize the ethical guidelines, procedures and standards of:
  • Principle of respect for the people.
  • Principle of beneficence
  • Principle of Justice

As a result, the authors agree to have the informed consent of human subjects to be investigated.

Article 4: the data accuracy and information analysis methods: Dialogos de Saberes welcomes the guidelines of the Ethics Committee for publications COPE. So it is considered as inappropriate behavior that the authors use in their research false data or not adjusted to the reality and accordingly offers the conclusions set out in their articles. In the case of being verified such a situation, the article will be rejected in limine.

Article 5: confidentiality: the Journal is committed to keep under the ethical duty of confidentiality all the documents provided and postulated to the publishing team due to the review, evaluation and publication processes.

Article 6: Moral rights of authors: you must recognize the moral rights of any intellectual production and you shall make the respective reference in the production. The ownership of a creation of human ingenuity (ability) constituent of moral right corresponds to the one who has produced it. Thus research and creations of human ingenuity in general, funded by Institutions and Organs and executed by virtue of employment contract or any other contract (by teachers, researchers and students) have as owners the ones who have carried out the research or creation. If there are several authors involved, the authorship corresponds to all of them.

Article 7: Economic rights: presumed, unless otherwise agreed, that the economic rights of authors for published articles in Diálogos de saberes are transferred to the Universidad Libre as the publishing institution, noting and respecting, in any case, the provisions of the law.

Article 8: Transfer of proprietary rights: the transfer of the economic rights of the author shall be written in the due format that the Journal has as a condition of validity.

Article 9: clause of originality and assignment of rights: all the authors and co-authors, to the time of the remission of the article, must send signed, by electronic means, the statement of originality. No article may be submitted to the peer reviewers, unless remission of such declaration has been made and its reception verified.

Once the articles have been selected for publication, they will be sent the respective transfer of proprietary rights form; which should be returned signed, as soon as possible, by electronic means, in order to continue with the process.

Where the rights have been transferred previously to a funding institution of the project, the authors must inform to the entity and establish a respective authorization on the determined text, guaranteeing the non existence of interests conflict between the publishing institution and the one that funded the research, in case of being different. In this sense, the assignment of Rights sent to the Journal will prevail on any general or particular assignment, and that will be obligation of the author to solve all the incompatibilities that are generated.

Article 10: Copyright notice: the publication of an article in the Journal infers the authorization, by the Publisher of this Journal, for their reproduction, partial or total, with academic purposes, non-commercial, nonprofit, on web sites, networks, bibliographic databases, indexes, directories or any other means of electronic reproduction, always referring the author and the Journal in question.

Article 11: statement of privacy: the names, addresses, phone numbers, emails or any other personal data introduced in this Journal will be used exclusively for the due and declared purposes; they will be treated in accordance with the law 1581 of 2012 and not will be available for any other purpose or another person.

Article 12: citations repeated of an only author: it is allowed to quote an author transcribing the needed passages, provided that these are not multiple and continuous. The above mentioned is to avoid a simulated reproduction that results in prejudice of the original author of the work whereof the quotes are taken. In each Cite must be mentioned the name of the author and the title of the quoted work.

Article 13: Quotes of works different to books and indexed Journals: the photographs, illustrations and reviews relating to reality events, published by the press or diffused by the radio or the television, can be object of citation in the corresponding scientific article, if this has not been expressly prohibited.

Article 14: works created by public employees or officials: the author rights of works created by public employees or officials, in compliance of their constitutional or legal obligations, will be property of the corresponding public entity.

article 15: authorization of use of the scientific article: the author must grant authorization of use of his/her scientific article, so this can be used to consultation or referencing purposes and in order to include the article in data bases and physical or electronic bibliographic catalogues determined by the Journal editor.

Article 16: Plagiarism: there is plagiarism when a natural person copies another´s work; this person may not producing it identically, but imitating it in its essential features.

So among other aspects, the following modalities of plagiarism could be distinguished:

  1. - Data or information not cited: It consists in the absence of the sources reference of the used documents.

B.-Idea not cited, regardless of being a specific or a general concept: use of concepts or ideas in the text without presenting who is the author, making believe they are your own. It is also plagiarism to quote properly, putting quotation marks around one part of a quotation but after that quotation you present more ideas from the same or another source, just changing the order of ideas.

  1. -direct plagiarism: when the structure of sentences is changed and content is added or remove without the proper acknowledging of the original author.
  2. -plagiarism using a quote: when, although recognizing the true author, plagiarism occurs since the original text is reproduced with only minor changes, without using quotation marks, or footnotes

e- Simple plagiarism with a footnote: when quotation marks are not used while the academic rules for citation require its use and some words are changed slightly to make that passage seeming to be different from the original one

f- Paraphrase as plagiarism: When is it paraphrased without reference to the original paragraph in extensive and continuous way, even when source is quoted.

G.-Auto plagiarism: when the author steals himself, doubling or recycling previous publications of his own, promoting himself with prestige purposes.

Article 17: Report of plagiarism: the peer or peers assigned to evaluation and review of the scientific paper that detect plagiarism in any of its forms shall inform the Editor of such circumstance, explaining in a precise and detailed manner the fact or facts of plagiarism, with an indication of the work or production for which the plagiarist is attributed, the whole or a part that is not his own.

article 18 : General consequences for plagiarism: the author who fails to provide any referenced form of plagiarism in this document or any established by law, shall incur in a very serious fault and will generate as a result of this, the rejection of the corresponding scientific article, and will be subjected to the consequences and sanctions which the Colombian legal system envisages in this regard.

Article 19: consequences by different acts to plagiarism: the authors that violate the responsibilities indicated in the present document may be object of admonitions or of rejection of their articles, attending the gravity of the behavior in advance. For this case in particular the imposed sanction shall be put by Editor upon approval of the Editorial Committee.

Article 20: Penalties process by plagiarism: Once received the report on plagiarism, the Editor will proceed, if there is merit to do it, to open the respective research through a decision in which the authors of plagiarism will be informed; They will have the term of ten days to render disclaimer, after the written notification. The notification of the decision will be made by written communication sent to the email that the author has given. If at term of the disclaimer process, the author or authors accept their responsibility in the investigated plagiarism, the process will end up in the decision where the only sanction will be the rejection of the scientific article.

In case of not being accepted the charges, it will be provided to continue with the investigation by a kind of decision that only admits appeal and, moreover, a three days term will be given after notification so that stakeholders can submit or request evidence in defense of their interests. The term for the suitable relevant and leading practice tests, will be 10 days, which, if necessary, may be extended for a period of more 5 days.

Concluded the examination of evidence, a provision will proceed to make the decisive sentence of research. If one came to conclusion that plagiarism was committed, a sanction will be imposed to the offender or offenders, and as punishment, the scientific articles will be rejected and they will be imposed the impossibility to apply scientific articles for the Journal within a period of two (2) years.

The decisive provision is appealable before the Committee of Academic Unit of the Faculty of Law and its procedure shall be similar to the appeal determined in the CPACA.

Article 21: of the crimes against the author rights: the raid in violations of the moral rights or intellectual property constituent of crime, in accordance with the existing legislation to the time of the violation, will make criminally responsible the offenders before the competent authorities

Article 22: conflicts of interest and causals of impediment: when the author considers there is a casual of conflict of interest with the Editor he/she must manifest such a situation as soon as possible.

All author must be declared prevented in the following cases, and as result of this, the Editor and/or publishing Committee, will proceed to remedy the situation, in particular, in the following cases:

  1. to be spouse, permanent companion or relative of the Journal Editor
  2. Existing serious enmity between the author and the editor.
  3. Having been Journal Editor, the year prior to the application of the corresponding article.

Paragraph: The referenced causals are including not of limited character.

Likewise, when the author has any opinion or financial interest that could affect the results of research whose results are reflected in a postulated article for publication in the Journal, He/she should make it known at the time of his/her nomination. For the effect shall state the reasons why he/she considers there is a conflict of interest exists and if such circumstance is going to affect the conclusions and results of his/her investigation.

Article 23: What it is not regulated in the present document that shall attend to the national and international standards that could be applicable at the time being.

GUIDE TO PEER REVIEW

The evaluation of the postulated articles for publication in the Journal consists of four moments: (1) reception; (2) initial assessment; (3) evaluation of academic peer and (4) final selection for publication.

  1. Reception: starts with the shipping of the manuscripts from the authors attending the call application. The texts shall be sent to the given publication electronic email. Along with the material, the assignment of rights and the originality statement must be send; the presented texts must be unpublished, original, not have been subjected to an arbitration process in another publication.
  2. Initial evaluation: implies review and evaluation from the members of the publishing Committee and the Editor, in this first evaluation the relevance of the document and the compliance of the editorial guidelines are expressed.
  3. Evaluation of academic peers: each item that obtains a favorable concept (pro) in the initial evaluation will be forwarded to one (1) external academic peer reviewers, so that they can render a concept about them. In addition, peers will not have knowledge of the author or authors being evaluated (double-blind method). At least 60% of the arbitrators employed in each issue of the Journal will be external to Universidad Libre.

3.1. Concepts emitted by the peer reviewers of the examined articles can generate as a result: (a) approved; (b) approved with modifications; (c) rejected.

3.2. The items that the referee must qualify to offer the evaluation concept are the ones disposed (presented) to that goal in the evaluation instrument given by the Scientific and Publishing Committee of the Journal. The mentioned items will have a rating on a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is the minimum level of quality or compliance and 10 total compliance and quality.

  1. Peers Evaluation may be consulted by the author of the text at any moment.
  2. If the result is approved with substantial and considerable alterations, the text must return to the evaluator peer that gave the concept, so that final approval could be given.
  3. The corrections must be made within a period of ten (10) days, counted from the next following day the referral gave the original concept. Past this period, if there isn´t received information, it´ll mean that the item has been withdrawn from the process by the author. In case of considering it convenient, the author may request that the publishing of text for the next Edition in order to establish a greater period of time to make the modifications, which will be determined and communicated by the Editor.

  1. Selection of peers is carried out according to the levels of study, recent publications and thematic specialty, in accordance with the data bank that the Journal holds for this purpose.

  1. Selected peers, once they know entrusted item to evaluation, must demonstrate the existence of interest conflicts that could prevent their objective evaluation. It´s up to the Journal Editorial Committee to decide definitively on peers impartiality.

The circumstances that may result in Declaration of interest conflicts may be among others:

-The existence of kinship, affinity or civilians ties with the author

- Enmity against the author.

- Having known as evaluator, director or tutor the results of the investigation result.

  1. With the acceptance of the order, the arbitrators are committed to maintaining total confidentiality regarding the data that may result known under his work as evaluators. By the previous expressed and according to the publications ethics Committee, reviewers cannot make use of the arguments, data or any another discovery contained in the articles until they are not published, always observing and retaining the respect by the regulations on author rights.
  2. Peer evaluators that in exercise of its commissioned task, know, detect or recognize a possible plagiarism must put it into knowledge of the Editor, so that they shall take the actions in accordance with the authors rules.



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